A Diary of Br. Joseph Mobberly, Vol IV.

Memorandum, 1824

October

20, Wed. Please. The year is past. Whatever you may have suffered is past - it has not hurt you. That which you must yet suffer must also pass and be forgotten. At the hour of death you will not regret that you suffered but you will have reason to rejoice! The saints suffered much & did great penance - they are now in eternal Bliss. Courage, then, my soul - suf-fer with Jesus for the love of Jesus.

21 Thurs. Cool - dry - It behooves you to do penance.

22 Frid. Cool - dry - Observe silence with & for Jesus.

23 Sat. Cool - dry - We have had a little frost for several mornings past.

24 Sun. Cool - dry - Be constant & faithful.

25 Mon. Cloudy - cool - Two or 3 days ago a piece appeared in one of the public papers ridiculing the miracle that was wrought last March in favour of Mrs. Mattingly and ridiculing all those who believed it but especi-ally those men in the City who for some time past have been styl-

2

Oct A Scribbler discovered.

-ed Friars by way of ridicule. The Author seems to have written in the spirit of Democritus, who appeared against Revd Frather Anth. Kohlman last march. (See page 48 of the first num-ber of this memorandum.) The author is supposed not to be known and no doubt he supposes so himself, but he is mistaken - To day at 1 O'clock, I heard him incautiously observe to his companion (who doubtless has a share in the business) that "If we only could get........how we would tear these Friars to piecs." His compani-ons seemed alarmed gave him a prudential hint, & both walked off together to the other end of the porch, that they might be at a greater distance from the com-pany. To the Author who has been so long scribbling his non-sense against the miracle good Father Kohlman & the virtuous

3

Oct Nov All Saints

catholics of Washington City has at length been discovered behind the post - And who would have thought it! A friend! A companion! A brother in office! A Brother in dignity! A brother in Jesus Christ! It has often been observed that the greatest enemies the Church ever had were her own Children. "Friend, whereto art thou come?" Matt. 26.50.

26 Tuesd. Several fine showers fell this morning.

27 Wed. Cool. Endeaver to excuse his intention.

28 Thurs. Cool. Does man live to eat or eat to live? If the former, he lives as a beast, if the latter as a Christian.

29 Frid. White frost - cold. Love your neighbour.

30 Sat. White frost - cold. O Eternity, Eternity!

31 Sun. White frost - cold. Eternal years!

Nov. 1 Hail friends of God, in great effulgence seen
With all th' Angelic host that serve and tend
In raptured thought th' almighty great I AM!
This day the Church, the spouse of Christ sings forth
Your mighty deeds, your highest excellence
And noblest worth which shown in you of old
When militant on Earth mid scoffs and taunt
And mad sophistic art by Tyrants' force

4

Nov All Saints

Upheld; you braved the rage of Satan's power
With Earth and Hell [consumed]! Hail ever blest
Triumphant now & swallowed up in bliss!
What peaceful joys attend your happy state
Now joined with those of all th' angelic court!
Forget us not: We are your fellow man
Redeemed on Calvary. Look down & see
The many foes with whom we must contend!
Renew your zeal of souls; call up your strength
And then by thousands & by millions ranged
Around th' immortal throne, implore obtain for us
The grace to conquer sin as you have done.
Ye Saints of God break forth rejoice & sing
In never ending sweet harmonious song
Sing now loud your praises to the King
Of everlasting days.

The storm is o'er, your fears are past
No troubles rule your mind
Old ocean's rage had ceased at last
Before the stormy winds.
No trials now shall press you more
Be glad, rejoice & sing.
The winter's past the cold is o'er
And now succeeds the spring.

5

Nov. All Saints All Souls

The frightful shades of dismal night
With time are past away
And now succeeds begins e'erlasting light
Which makes eternal day.
Then raise your voices round the throne
In sweet resounding praise
Give glory to his name alone
Who rules eternal day.
Think on us Pilgrims here below
While you are drowned in love
Your martial strength on us bestow
To fight for crowns above.

All Souls

2 Nov. O God of love thy presence clear

Tues. To thy poor children is most dear
They suffer much because they love
And wish to be with thee above.
Their hearts their souls all tend to thee.
Whose grace they beg most earnestly
Tho still detained, they love thee still
And yield their hearts to unto thy pure will.
Have pity, Lord, on thy Elect
That do most ardently expect
The fruits of thy most precious blood
O wash them in the saving flood.
O Christian hearts behold, O See!
They beg our prayers on bended knee

6

Nov. All Souls

Because their time of gain is o'er
Good works for them are now no more
Perhaps, some dear relation there
Is suffering much beyond compare
For errors we ourselves began
And which deceived our fellow man.
Perhaps our parents once too prone
To indulge our will before upgrown
Must there remain in torment yet
Until they pay their heavy debt.
Perhaps we are were the cause of pain
And bitter grief they there sustain
By urging them t' indulge our pride
Whose will we did too oft deride
Then let us now all with pious care
Remember what they suffer there
And free them from their grievous wo
It is perhaps a debt we owe.
O blessed Mary Queen of Saints
Look down on them & hear their plaints.
They choose thee for their advocate
To ope for them the narrow gate.
They love thee much because they're thine
Thou art their friend as thou art mine
Stupe them, dear Mother to their cries
And wipe all tears off from their eyes

7

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

3 Wed. Cold Suffer for the love of Jesus

4 Thurs. Great white frost this morning.

5 Frid. Thunder gust with fine show- ers this morning -- At dinner Revd T. Levins was suspended by the Rev. Fr. Sup. as being the author of the Pilgrims &c. And Revd Father Finer was ap- pointed minister in his stead. The following is taken from one of the publications of the Pilgrim.

"It requires no effort of recollection to recall a remarkable occurrence in the month of last march. Old Maids and boys can relate to the story and "what for no" as Megs Dods of St. Roan's well says since "the city of Washington (to cite the words of a miracle loving Clergyman) was moved like Jerusalem of old, on the visit of the wise man of the East. The Springing of rattlers & bellowing of horns by the watchmen of Ilium announcing midnight greetings from the Grecian gentlemen of the wooden horse ot the weary Trojans "somno, vino- que sepulto" did not develop more horrific surprise, than the waggery of that

8

Nov. Eberebron, the Pilgrim.

laughing Philosopher, which upset the holy faculty of the Metropolis. Who can- not picture to his mind's eyes the morning when consternation was abroad, when the hero of Supernatural Agency was seen like "a meteor streaming to the wind" astride upon <his> ethereal <his> course steering sunward, & announcing to the inhabitants of mid air the annihilation of 90 degrees of longitude "quantum mutatus ab illo Hectore" who gave Unitarianism the cholic! From the Easter Branch to Rock Creek all were early agog - Shivering limbs of the law & manufacturers of emetics &c. &c. were seen moving thro' the mornign mist to form lines of circumvalation around the temple of orthodoxy. Even the toothless old dames startled from their slumbers discarded their pious dreams, kicked their tabbies, muttered something between curse and prayer, shouldered their broomsticks and hobbled off to escalade their Pastor's habitation unless he entered his protest against the

9

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim.

heretical document. S.***? Quam pendimus arcem? exclaimed a legal solderer of five-penny-bit disputes to his prime minister in polemics. All lost, answered the valiant pens- man. catholicity is shipwrecked: the citadels of orthodoxy are condemned. All our efforts, prayers, advices, admon-itions have terminated in nullity. Even my old penitential contributions to the friends of edification have become inoperative. My gallant top-knot [hussar] whiskers, & best studies mea culpa attitudes have been unproductive sacrifices. .... previous to submitting the geometrical dimensions of my brethrens merits to the crabbed rules of mensuration &c....

Whence is derived your charter to arraign at your tribunal the actions of your spiritual Superiors, & brand with your theological censorship all but the teachers of shuffling practices, misnamed piety? What! Ignorant and shallow man, petulent & snarling old women, raise their voices to denounce the faith, because

10

Nov. Aberebron the Pilgrim

heaven does not send its ministering Angels to wit on their high commands! Is this the resuld of your novenas, your extacies, visions and affidavits<?>."

Eberebron the Pilgrim taken from the National Journal of Saturday - Oct. 28 1824 -

Such is some of the abuse extracted form the pilgrim. He seems to very zealous for the cause of religion, & has brought a heavy charge against the worthy catholics of Washington City - a charge of Lay interference in the Hierarchy - Of dictating to their Pasters &c. If they are guilty of these charges, they have erred, and they will certainly make their acknowledgements & and aviod such faults in future. But I doubt if the Pilgrim can realize these charges in their full extent. It is probable that some individuals

11

Nov. Aberebron the Pilgrim

may have been wanting in respect towards the proper authorities: but there are such characters to be found in most congregations, and must the Catholic work be set on fire on that account? Must officious people step in with their imprudent zeal and blow the coals of dissention? Must they come forward with volumes of ribaldry, which is calculated to excite angry feelings both in the Pastor and his flock? Is this the way to close the breach if any made? Such abusive strains were never expected from one who is desirous of passing for a great man.

His ostensible motive seems to be that of inculcating obedience and submission to the decisions of lawful Pastors - this indeed is very good; but there seems to be another motive which he is willing to keep behind the curtain - that of injur-

12

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

ing the good fame of the Rev'd. Anthony Kohlinan and of bring<ing> the miracle and piety into contempt. This is a very bad motive and I sincerely wish it was not in my power to charge him with it. I believe that very few have read his publications who have not discovered a strain of malice running through them and staining almost every sentence. He arraigns others for opposing and injuring sacred characters, and while he is doing this, he falls into the same fault himself. This reminds me of the old vulgar proverb. "The Devil is correcting sin." If he wishes to correct others he ought first to correct himself: then by reminding them of their <faults> in decent and suitable terms, he may <might> render very essential and important services to his neighbour.

13

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

The Revd. A. Kohlonan in some of his Revd. Brethren have been styled Enthusiasts and fanatics by Democritus and Pilgrim. It is common with great men to view the conduct of Enthusiasts and fanatics with an eye of pity and compassion and if they see a prospect of reforming such characteristics, they give them wholesome admonitions in suitable language but they never descend to abuse much less to vulgar abuse.

It is also the part of a great man to receive abuse with christian patience; but never to seek revenge. Now both Democritus & pilgrim have poured out a torrent<s> of abuse against the Revd. A. Kohlinan and others, and without the least provocation. Revenge was not thought of - the Revd. A. Kohlinan was so far from seeking revenge, that he did not even notice the outrage. A few days

14

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

after the attack of Democritus, the Revd. A. Kohlinan was called to Rome by F. General.

He immediately made ready to repair whither obedience called him. He took leave of all forgave all embracing even his enemies in a most friendly manner, & he will long live in the hearts of a numerous class of Citizens in this country.

There is one particular trait in the productions of Democritus & Pilgrim, with which I am not pleased: it is an expression of angry feelings against the piety of the faithful. Why should they be displeased with pious sentiments? My neighbour's piety does me no harm. If he choose to pursue a method of praying, rejoicing and praising God which differs from mine in point of ceremony, I do not see why I ought not be to be offended. I ought to rejoice that he

15

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

has the same faith with me (it being the true one) and that God has been pleased to move him to give me good examples.

There is a strong propensity in our nature which always <moves> us to wish that others should be like ourselves + : thus we always see that a good man wishes his neighbours to be as good as himself: whereas a depraved character is always urging others to follow his principles, and is ever offended at the actions of virtuous men, because they are a constant reproach to his own. Whenever he sees strong indications of pious and devout sentiments in others, his feelings are outraged, the bile rises, and he vents his malice in pitiful invective. Why is he displeased with virtue? because he himself is not virtuous. Simimls simili gaudet.

But why should Pilgrim

+ at least in sentiment and opinion

16

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

meddle with disputes between a Pastor and his Congregation? Was he invited to do so? If not, he had no right to interfere; & the injured citizens of Washington might ask, whence is derived your character to arraign at your tribunal sacred characters who have better pretentions to merit than you, and laymen over whom have no controul:? If invited them he ought to have addressed the parties in decent terms and to have pursued a method calculated to bring about a happy reconciliation. A blessing is promised to peacemakers. Peacemakers commonly use language that softens <cools> & tames the passions: but Pilgrim has stumbled into the opposite extreme - he has fanned the flame of discord, endevoured to sink

17

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

the fame of sacred & other deserving characters, has prevented much good, formed parties and marshaled them up <the passions> in battle array. When I consider all this, tho' I am very friendly disposed towards Pilgrim, yet I am much puzzled to find a good motive in his productions. The learned & respectable of all classes view his pieces with a sort of unconcern, glance over them with a careless eye, are disgusted with his vulgar phrases, are quite disgusted<pleased> with the theme and the bitter spirit of invective which appears in every paragraph. The numerous classes of people will use their good sense, form correct ideas of these publications and they will know how to appreciate them according to their real worth. Those worthy Catholics of the city who have

18

Nov. Eberebron the Pilgrim

suffered so much will be esteemed by all good men, and if any of them have erred they will return to the path of good order and subordination. Mr. Pilgrim, I hope, will reflect and learn hence that invective is grating to an American ear, & is never calculated to correct the human heart. The age for ridicule is passed, especially in our American clime, & I do hope that it will never return. If it has sometimes done a little good, it has always done a great deal of harm.

6 Sat. Cool - Examine your own heart.

7 Sund. Cool - Attend to small faults

8 Mon. Pleas. Time flies - how soon!

9 Tues. - Warm - Rained nearly all day.

10 Wed. Pleas. Think of your unworthiness

11 Thurs. Cool. Aberebron the Pilgrim has appeared again today, but his style seems to be a little

19

Nov. Aberebron the Pilgrim.

changed - It is very probable that his Companion gave him some assistance. The piece contains much bitterness and is aimed at a worthy and respectable Priest, F. Debinsson.

Ridicule is a powerful weapon when put into the hands of the vulgar. It will always be well received by the lower classes of men, because they are not always capable of seeing it's the malice concealed in it nor the mean spirit by which it is dictated; but it will always be spurned & rejected by the respectable & virtuous. Does not the Pilgrim envy the virtues and sterling worth of those Rev'd gentlemen whose names he has endeavoured to blacken? Satan envied man the happiness which was promised him by the Almighty, therefore he was resolved to ruin him - to effect his wicked design, he made use of low cunning. He ridiculed the threat "In what day soever, thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death." "No, (said he) you shall not die the death. For God doth know that

(In left margin opposite third last line:) Gen. 2.17

20

Nov. Aberebron the Pilgrim

in is what day soever you shall eat thereof your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as Gods, knowing good and evil." Thus, by his talent of ridicule he induced the woman to believe that by eating the apple, she should become like God himself. Pilgrim has played off a similar game. He has managed his shafts of ridicule in so masterly a way, as to induce many to believe that the miracle wrought in favour of Mrs. ^Mattingly was very little more that a cheat, and that the Agents of the Almighty on that occasion acted the part of impostors. He has accused those worthy Gentlemen of slander, caballing and juggling, tho' it is well known from the general tenor of their good conduct that they are by no means capable of such crimes.

Satan did not attack Adam -no- he aimed his envious darts at the weaker vessel, and so it is with envy - It attacks the weaker part -

21

Nov.

It takes the vulgar by the hand - It gives them a style that suits them - Writes in a spirit that pleases them and acts its malicious part so dexterously as to deceive them and make them believe that light is darkness. What dreadful evils are created by envy! Who can be ignorant of the long and lasting train of evils that were introduced into the world by the Devil's envy, and which are so permanent, as to form a great characteristic of the human race? A flood of crimes has already (oe[r])^flowed his pen Pilgrim's pen, & no one can say when or where it will stop. He has created dissentions, formed parties, given scandal to the Christian world and opened the door for schism. Let him and Democratus answer for themselves at the tribunal of the God of Sanctity and peace.

12 Fri. Cold - Watch the motions of your heart

13 Sat. Cool. Divine Providence is never weary in serving & protecting us, nor ought we to be so in serving God.

14 Sun. Very great white frost.

22

Nov. & December. Rev. T. Levins absolved

15 Mond. Warm - Unite your heart with God -

16 Tuesd. Very warm with rain. Observe silence.

17 Wed. Pleas. Renew fervour & advance.

18 Thurs. Cool - Wretch, why art thou slothful?

19 Frid. Cold - When a fool, then you are wise.

20 Sat. Cold - God permits you to love him! What a favour!

21 Sund. Cold - frost. Rise sluggard - be active.

22 Mond. Cold - frost. Have compunction of heart.

23 Tuest. frost - pleas. Last Saturday it was published in the Refectory that Rev. T. Levins having received his penance in silence & give edification was there absolved & c.

24 Wed. Pleas. Have a good opinion of all.

25 Thurs. Pleas. Bear up against irksomeness.

26 Frid. Pleas. Warm showers last nighgt

27 Sat. Pleas. A little rain last night.

28 Sund. Pleas. Man blooms & quickly dies.

29 Mon. Pleas. How many have gone before you!

30 Tues. Pleas. Are you ready to go to judgment?

1 Wed. Pleas. Do you forgive all from your heart?

2 Thurs. Pleas. Pray for your persecutors.

3 Frid. Much rain - At 3 P.M. snowed fast.

4 Sat. Much rain - high NW wind.

5 Sund. Heard a sermon on lukewarmness - "Go home, said a yankey to another, & put on your spurs."

23

Dec. The half-learned, vain man.

Some men have a wonderful talent for of making a great show a little learning. I am acquainted with one who has always passed for a great & learned man - He is very profound in natural Philosophy, tho' he neither knows the multiplication table, nor can he add a few sums together in simple addition. Deep in Theology, tho' often puzzled with the knotty questions of ignorant peasants. - Eminent in Rhetoric, tho' he often makes words synonimous, which differ as much as the moon does from green cheese. - A great grammarian, tho' every 4th or 5th sentence teems with improprieties or solicisms. He has read everything, & yet he knows less than many others - He has learned everything, & has left nothing for any one else to learn; & yet his knowledge is very superficial and limited. He has no taste for study, for why should he study that knows every thing? That man is a fool, this a goose & a 3d is a Jackass, & he is the only wise man in existence! He seeks to draw others into disputes, nor to expose them as ig -

24

Dec. The half-learned, vain man.

norant persons, and to display his own talents - He answers all questions whether right or wrong, & promises others a fair opportunity of answering him in their turn; tho' as soon as they begin, if he find they are on a fair way of giving a good answer, he frequently interrupts them, reminds them of bad grammar, impropriety of expression & endevours to break & entangle their every sentence, in order that by thwarting and irritating them, may cause them to fail & end in confusion: after all, no one can be so good a judge of the issue of the dispute as himself - should any one succeed in giving him a good & masterly answer, so as to puzzle him & thereby endanger his reputation as a disputant, he has mightily offended, & tho' he assembles for the present, he is resolved to seek opportunities of revenge. Should his opponent assert any thing in positive terms which he himself may imagine is ^false or which he is pleased to deem erroneous, he very significantly observes, "that is false,

25

Dec. The half learned vain man.

or, that is a lye, Sir;" tho' it should cost him a slap in the face. He respects the feelings of no one, not even those of a Superior & always supposes that others ought or must tolerate his criticisms, ridicule & vulgar abuse, tho' should anyone censure the choice of his epithets, or the arrangement of his sentences, he would pronounce it a very daring insult, or at least an intolerable breach of politeness. His mind is always unsettled, & he can seldom apply it to any thing serious or solid. Should he undertake any thing of importance, he does it hostily, boasts of the little time employed in doing it, and supposes that no one could have done the like, tho' when closely examined, it is often found to be only half done. He is very fond of playing off a handsome trip such as throwing a pot of water or something worse on the head of some person that occasionally passes under his window, & is mightily pleased should he succeed according to his wishes.

26

Dec. The half-learned-vain man.

He is much delighted with little witicisms, puns and anecdotes; supposes that everyone ought to laugh when he laughs, and at what he laughs, & imagines that every species of wit is genuine when it is pronounced such by him. He leaves home as often as he can in order to make his merits known to others, frequents the company of those whom he deems gay & witty, courts their applause, & leaves the minds of his friends strongly fixed in the belief that Mr. A is a goose & a fool, & is a complete Jack-ass. In fine, he receives the plaudits of his flatterers with the full conviction that their commendations are far below his exalted worth, & is ever pleased when he finds that he is preferred to all others.

6 Mond. Cold. God's grace supports you-be thankful.

7 Tuesd. Fav-cool-On the first day of the present month, I sent a letter to Father General inclosed in one to Father Kohlman at Rome. I sent it by Revd. F. Sannon to be given to Revd. Adam Marshall who went to Norfolk in a

27

Dec. Letter to F. Fortis & F. A. Kohlman

steam boat. A copy of it follows.

Pater Reverende, 

 Saluto te Domino nostro Jesu Christo cui sit gloria in sempiterma sæcula, Amen- 

 Ego sum frater laicus Americanus docens parvulos in nostro Georgiopolitani Collegio. Me non decet tibi scribere quidquam, quoniam vilis sum et humilis statu tamen ignosce mi, Pater, quia amo te et Societatem nostram & jam occasio per patrem Marshal mihi opportuna prúbetur. 

Possesio Nigrorum nobis utilis non est, quoad temporalia, quia pigri sunt et spiritus libertatis eos corrumpit; et pessima est quoad spiritualia quoniam apud nos plures sunt Hæretici nempe, Tremebundi Fanatici (Anglice Quakers) Presbteria et Methodistæ qui Negroes in servitute videre molunt: omnes hi mores Negrorum corrumpunt, & eis persuadent, quod ii qui possident servos, Deum nunquam videbunt. Præterea, gubernatio Nigrorum est valdi difficilis, & Religiosis minime 

28

Dec. Letter to F. Fortis & F. A. Kohlman 

convenit. Eos cognosco, nam rexi eos duodecim annis. 

Doleo, Pater, quod nostri diversas sententias tenent, et Societas nostra (ut mihi videtur) est quasi divisa in partes duas, quarum una est Americanorum & Hybernorum, alia Germanorum & aliorum qui ad nos ex Europa venerunt. Plerique eo-rum qui sunt ex Europa cogitant secundum opinionem & voluntatem Superirois nostri, alii vero, paucis exceptis, non - Pater unus (qui ex Hybernia venit) scripsit crebio in charta publica contra Patres A. Kohlman et Debuisson et quosdam laicos quos voluit ostendere rediculosos & quasi deceptores in conspectu omnium. 

Oro te, Pater, nobis mittere viros devotos, & qui amant Jesum Christum, quoniam "caritas multorum refrigescit." Mitte viros doctos, quia in ista regione plures sunt Americani & viri ex Hybernia, qui non habent scientiam secundum Deum, sed secundum spiritum libertatis; & quia "Stultorum 

29

Dec. Letter to F. Fortis - and Vows 

infinitus est numerus." Denique, mitte viros non tantum pios, doctos & prudentis, sed etiam, et præsertim animo fortes in gubernando, quoniam manu disciplinæ jam paralytica, "perversi difficile corrigunter." 

In nomine Jesu mitto tibi, Pater Reverende, vota mea, ut præstes ea coram Domino, & ores pro me ut moriar in ulnis Jesu, Mariæ et Joseph - 

(Translation of the original Latin Letter)

 

 Reverend Father: 

 I greet you in our Lord Jesus Christ to whom be praise for ever and ever, Amen - 

 I am an American lay brother, teaching young boys in our College at Georgetown. It is not appropirate for me to write anything to you because I am lowly and of humble station; nevertheless forgive me, Father, because the love both you and our Society, and because the occasion was offered me by Father Marshal.  

The possession of Negroes is not useful to us, in a temporal sense, because they are lazy, the spirit of liberty corrupts them; it is even worse in a spiritual sense because there are many heretics among us--the trembling fanatics (in English "Quakers"), Presbyterians, and Methodists who do not wish to see Negroes held in bondage: all of these corrupt the morals of the Negroes and persuade them that those who possess slaves will never see God. The governing of Negroes is especially difficult, and least convenient to Religious. I know, because I ruled them for twelve years.  

It grieves me, Father, that ours hold diverse opinions in this matter, and our Society (as it seems to me) is divided into two factions, of which one is made up of the Americans and the Irish, the other of the Germans and other Europeans. The majority of the Europeans conform to the will and opinion of our Superior; the others, with few exceptions, do not. On father (who comes from Ireland) wrote in a public paper opposing Frs. A. Kohlman and Debuisson and certain laymen whom he wished to portray as ridiculous and deceptive in the eyes of all.  

I beg you, Father, to send us devout men who love Jesus Christ, because "the charity of many grows cold." Send learned men, because in this region there are many Americans and Irishmen, who have not knowledge according to God, but according to the spirit of liberty; and because "infinite is the number of the dull." And Finally, send men not merely pious, learned, and prudent, but also, and especially, strong of spirit in governing because, the hand of authority being currently paralyzed, "the perverse are corrected with difficulty."  

In the name of Jesus I send you, Reverend Father, my vows, that you might place them before the Lord, and pray for me that I might die in the arms of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph. 

Jo. Mobbley [sic]

I Joseph P. Mobberley promise to Almighty God in the presence of his Virgin Mother and all the heavenly Court, and to you Revd. Father Anthony Kohlman God's Vicegerunt in place of the General of the Society of Jesus and his Successors perpetual Poverty, Chastity & Obedience according to the manner expressed in the Apostological letters and Constitutions of the said Society.

George Town College, Feb. 2d. 1821

In the District of Columbia.

30

Dec. Extraordinary Radish

. LaFayette

Directed thus. Revd. Aloysius Fortis - Romæ.

8 Wedn. Pleas. Lord, give me a sweet & easy agony.

9 Thurs. Pleas. Lord give me grace to judge myself` -

10 Frid. Pleas. Warm - About 2 weeks ago I begged of our Neighbour Jno. Clarke 6 very fine Radishes

of the black sort - to day the largest measured 19 ½ <inches> in cricumference. They are <kept> for seed. How great is the providence of God towards man!

11 Sat. Yesterday LaFayette was introduced to both houses of Congress in the Hall of the Representatives - Mr. Henry Clay pronounced the welcome address, to which LaFayette answered - in his reply there is a sentence that ought to sicken every man of common sense, or excite his angry feelings - it runs thus. "My obligations to the U.S., Sir, far exceed any merit I might claim: they date from the time when I have had the happiness to be adopted as a young Soldier, a favoured Son of America; they have been continued to me during almost half a Century of constant affection and confidence; & now, Sir, thanks to your most gratifying invitation, I find myself greeted by a series of Welcomes, one hour of which, would more

31

Dec. LaFayette again.

than compensate for the public exertions and sufferings of a whole life." Can Americans suffer themselves to be thus laught<ed> at? It is stated by LaFayette's friends that after his aid was solicited by the American Colonists, he came over and exposed his fortune & life in fighting for their liberties - that consequently Americans are much indebted to LaFayette &c. But Mr. LaFayette, after returning from his native country to receive the honours of the nation and the round sum too of 2 or 300000 Dollars, which it is said will be given him for his past services, here tells us that "his obligations to the U. States far exceed any merit he might claim - that these obligations arise from his having been adopted as a young Soldier, a favoured Son of America - that one hour of this series of these welcomes, would more than compensate for the exertions & sufferings of a whole life." Was Mr. LaFayette serious when the above sentence fell from his lips? If serious, he was certainly do-

32

Dec. La Fayette again.

ting -- if not serious, then he was offering a gross insult to the good sense & feelings of the American people -- Yesterday my life was in imminent danger -- I called to you for help -- you came-- you exposed your own -- you rescued mine, placed me in safety, and rendered me independent of my enemy: and because I accepted of your aid, & my life was saved by your generous & manly exertions, therefore you are most surprisingly indebted to me for for having adopted you as a friend & for having accepted your services! This is La Fayette logic, & such, perhaps, as that to which he has been accustomed thro' life. Perhaps the moon is about to be converted into green cheese. -- This sounds a little like the mode of reasoning which, according to Barruel, we may suppose was adopted by the National Assembly in France in regard of Lewis (sic) the sixteenth and the interests of France. -- Sire, the power you possess is held by you according to reason & justice, & therefore

33

La Fayette again.. Bp. Fenwick

it must be abridged -- Monarchy & Catholicity -- being founded on reason and justice must therefore yield to our enlightened principles of Masonry. The Catholic Church in France, has by the piety & zeal of her Clergy has amassed together much wealth for the honour and glory of Christ upon Earth, & therefore it must be confiscated & given to the Nation -- Sire, the dark ages are passed -- this is the enlightened age -- various charges have been brought against you -- not one of them can be proved, & therefore you must lose your head under the axe of the guillotine -- We want no king -- henceforth the goldess [sic] of liberty shall rule.

12 Sund. Pleas. Be patient under trials.

13 Mond. Rained last night & this morning.

14 Tuesd. Pleas. Be ready to meet death.

15 Wed. Pleas. Always think of God.

16 Thurs. Much frost -- do all for Jesus.

17 Frid. Much rain. 2 days ago Bishop Fenwick arrived at this Col. from Europe.

18 Sat. Warm. Be prepared for death.

34

Dec. The Nativity.

19 Sund. Pleas. Follow blind obedience.

20 Mond. Pleas. Support good principles.

21 Tues. Cold -- Follow Jesus in his paßion.

22 Wed. -- Snowed a litle this morning.

23 Thurs. -- Cool -- Lose no time by idle discourse.

24 Frid -- Cool -- Think on the infant Jesus.

25 Satur. When chaos reigned without control
Before the existence of a soul,
Old Phúbus then was wrapped in sleep
And darkness sat upon the deep.
Th' Almighty said: "Let there be light"
T' expel the darkness of the night --
Then Phúbus roused, stood in a maze
And bid this nether orb to blaze.
So nature lay in night involved
When by Kind heaven it was resolved
That God in flesh should save us man,
And there the Savior's love began.

26 Sund. Great white frost -- Stay at home.

27 Mond. Great white frost -- Be fervent.

28 Tuesd. Pleas. Lord give me an easy agony.

29 Wed. Pleas. Lord strengthen my good resolves.

30 Thurs. Pleas. Lord give me true humility.

35

Dec. January -- Bp. Neale.

Rt Revd Leonard Neale Bp. of Gortina -- Afterwards immediate Successor to Arch-Bp. Carroll in the Sec of Baltimore.

He was a sincere friend, and an upright man, -- {idiosyncratic mark above dash} In his transactions with the foolish world, he was too candid to be agreeable. He never courted the applause of men, and never had much esteem for those who did. In his manners, he was plain and simple, but not elegant -- He was polite without ceremony -- he was a great enemy to insincerity and was extremely rough towards those, who, he believed, intended to practise fraud. His candor rendered him unpopular. It was a principle with him to weigh matters well before he resolved -- when, after mature deliberation, he had arranged his plans, no arguments could induce him to change them -- hence he was tenacious of his own opinion. He was strictly pious but not rigid. He always supported his authority with

36

Jan. Dec. Bp. Neale

vigor, and preached & forced regularity of life in very strong terms. He never spared those who were attached to him, when by reproaches he thought he could reform their manners. He was a strict moralist, and during his presidency he kept preserved great order & discipline in the College.

The students were never allowed access to the garden. He had planted two small cherry trees fronting the southern door of the old College, each of which after 2 or 3 years, produced about 8 or 10 cherries. He prized his cherries very highly and was so careful of them that he counted them every day. At length 3 or four of the cherries disappeared -- He suspected the students. He took measure of the rogue's foot according to the track left under the tree, and soon repaired to the study room where I was then presiding as Prefect. He first addressed me, complaining of the theft committed, & requested

37

Jan. Dec. Bp. Neale.

me to keep a very strict eye over the students in future. He observed that it was not the value of the cherries of which he complained -- but <he complained> because they were the first fruits which the trees had produced, & because he was desirous of proving if they were genuine &c. He then addressed the students, dwelling emphatically on the 7th commandment, and begged them to remember, that it was not the value of the fruit which had prompted him to address them, but the meanness of the spirit with which the fault had been committed -- that it was not to be considered as a trifling college fault -- it was more -- it was a theft -- it was a sin -- and that he never supposed a gentleman's son could be guilty of such meanness -- and finally, that if the like should occur again, he would take good care to compare the thief's measure with every foot in the house,

38

Jan Dec. Bp. Neale.

in order to find the culprit. He then left the room abruptly, carrying with him as sour a countenance as he could assume.

I have related the above to several persons, some of whom have condemned his conduct -- but I always thought that he acted wisely. He performed the part of a good Paterfamilias, to which he was prompted by this very wise & moral lesson: "Principiis obsta, sero medicini parator; cum mala per longas involvere moras" The subsequent conduct of the students was a strong argument in his favour.

As an orator, I always admired him. I never heard a man that pleased me so well as he did. He wrote nothing, & prepared nothing, for it seems, he was always prepared. He always preached on the gospel of the day, except when a funeral occurred -- He was

39

Jan Dec. Bp. Neale.

profound in mystic theology. His sermons always differed from those of the preceding year. He generally spoke to the understanding. He was very satirical and seemed to possess a great knowledge of the human heart. During his discourse, but especially in the sequel his countenance seemed to be on fire, & he always seemed desirous of converting the whole world and of making every one as good as himself. When ever he preached <In the chair of truth,> he was a child of nature. He possessed a great flow of words, and was master of a great fund of choice expressions. I never saw him embarassed -- I never knew him to be puzzled but once & that was in enumerating the five senses, one of which, he could not recall to mind -- I once had a fair proof of his not preparing his sermons. He said mass in Trinity Church, and his brother Francis was to preach -- but his brother being enga-

40

J Dec. Bp. Neale.

ged in saying his office, forgot to go down to the church according to promise. I then supposed we should have a very short discourse: It however lasted about one hour and a half and I thought he was as eloquent on that as on any former occasion.

He told me a very singular & miraculous occurrence which took place in one of his congregations in Charles County some years before he was consecrated Bp. On a certain sunday he had a full congregation & many communicants. The communion railings were crowded for several rounds. He took notice, however, that one particular place appeared vacant and continued to be so every round. The time not permitting him to examine or inquire why it was vacant and so great a crowd & for so many rounds, he took no more notice of it, supposing it to be an accidental circum-

41

Jan. 1825. Reflection for the new year .

stance. When divine service was over, and he had retired to the confessional, a woman went to him bathed in tears, & complained, that at the first round she had presented herself with the other communicants to receive holy communion; & that he had passed her every time without giving her the B. sacrament. He asked her at what particular part of the railings she was kneeling; and as her answer corresponded exactly to the vacant place which he had seen, he concluded it to be an intimation from providence, and advised the women to examine her conscience well, & to make a sincere confession.

31 Frid. Pleas. Be steady and regular.

1 Sat. If it is supposed that one of the human race dies in each minute of time, the number of deaths in a year will be 525600; but if it is supposed that one dies in each second of time, the amount will be 31536000. Then reflect,

42

Jan. Reflection for the New Year.

my soul, what a number has passed into Eternity since last New Year's day! Think how many of these have gone to Hell! How many the mercy God has saved! -- and of the saved, how many yet detained in the purging fire! Could you not have been numbered in the list of mortality? Yes, but God's pure mercy has saved <spared> you. Had you departed with the rest, what would have been your lot? Suppose you should have been condemned, what would you have suffered during the whole of last year? Eternity! Eternal fire! Eternal wrath! Eternal oblivion! Eternal hate! Good God, what a sea of torments is reserved for thy enemies! My soul, while in this mortal flesh, you cannot bear the blaze of a candle, nor even a little spark; What then must be the torment of a damned soul ingulphed in a sea of fire for one whole year! What that of a soul that departed in the days of Adam! Nearly 6000 years have passed, & that soul has has not made one single advance towards

43

Jan. Reflection for New Year.

the end of her torments! Let 6000 more slide off into the boundless gulf of Eternity, and her fate will be the same! Count thousands till you can count no more -- let an Angel count & number up the eternal years of God, and at the <end >(if end there could be) the torments of that soul would still begin! My soul, you are lost in the consideration of eternal years, eternal torments! God alone can conceive & understand the unlimited extent of eternal years! How then can you complain at the little which you suffer here? Count up your corporal & mental afflictions; and what are they if compared to the sufferings of one year in Eternity? If you are poor, think of the poverty of the damned! If you find it hard to obey, think of the obedience of the damned, who must for ever obey the decrees of an angry God, tho' much against their will. If you are slandered by the wicked world, think of the curses of the damned. How can you be impatient

44

Jan. Reflection for the New Year.

under such small trials when you consider the dreadful and constant torments of the wicked in Hell, which you perhaps have often deserved? Then? Supposed you were slandered even by one of your religious Bre-thren - nay suppose for the grati- fying (of) some foolish whim or rankling in his breast, he should even excite. a band of wicked boys either directly or indirectly a band of wicked boys to insult you on all occasions in advanced age, & even urged them to pelt you with brick bats, stones and billets of wood: and suppose these insults were to continue for the space of two years; yet you ought not to complain, Knowing that you have deserved much greater punishments for your infidelities towards God. Therefore, pray for your persecutors & be patient under all trials, for

45

Jan. Reflection for the New Year

doubtless almighty God intends them for your good.

Among the 31536000 who died last year, perhaps one in every (50) was saved. Admitting this, the number of the saved of last year amounts to 630720; and of these it may be that 49 in every 50 (of the saved) went to Purgatory. This makes the number of suffering souls consist of about 618105: Of these perhaps 1/3 or 206036 are still detained for venial sin which you commit every day. They could have avoided those torments, and so may you if you will. You by your charity and zeal might, perhaps, have relieved many of those souls during the last year - Do it now. You may soon fall into the same place of torment & stand in need of the like assistance - relieve them now, & when they shall be in glory, they will relieve you in their turn.

According to the above calculation about 12614 went to heaven

46

Jan. Reflections for the New Year.

without passing thro the fire of purgatory. They took their purgatory in this life, by purifying their hearts in the fire of affliction and suffering, which they bore with christian fortitude for the love of JESUS CHRIST - You can do the same. Imitate them, & tho' you are weak, they will pray to God to give you strength. The Lord is your Strength, whom need you fear?

I have supposed that 31536000 die every year - I will again suppose that the same number have died every year since the creation of Adam - to give a fair average I will suppose the world to be but 5000 years old - according to this there have died since the creation no less than 157,680,000,000 of men; & according to the above calculation 3,153,600,000 have been saved, and 154,526,400,000 have been condemned! Pause here, my soul, & be astonished! - If we allow extension to souls, as we certainly

47

Jan. reflection for the new year.

must in order to modify our ideas concerning them (for no mortal can form an idea of a spirit) how unfathomable must the depth of Hell be to contain the above number! But what must they be, if we suppose that this number will be doubled at the day of Judgment! St. John says of the Blessed in Heaven: "I saw a great multitude, which no man could number." Apoc. 7. 9. But there are 50 bad for 1 good - then as no man can number the Blessed in Heaven, who will be able to number the damned! Oh miserable Eternity! What a crowd of wretched Beings, all hating & cursing oneanother - all hating & blaspheming the God who made them! How miserable and wretched is the man who accidentally finds himself in the company of robbers & and reprobates, from whom he cannot escape & with whom he is compelled to live a whole year! When what must be the wretched state of a soul in

47

[sic] Jan. Reflection for the new year.

Hell, surrounded by Devils and Damned Souls for all Eternity! But this Soul must <suffer> not only suffer the company of the wicked but all the torments of Hell! Eternal hate! Eternal fire! The worm of conscience that never dies! Eternal Shame! Eternal Oblivion! The remembrance of the eternal loss of God! - My soul, you are frightened - you have reason - but be not dejected - despair not - look up to Heaven - view that multitude which no man can number - God is good - He will support you - take courage - your days are short - your trials will soon pass away - then you will see the beauty of all the Heavenly Hosts! Their riches! Their grandeur! Their mutual love! Eternal peace! Eternal joy! no more hunger! - no more thirst! no more wants! no more enemies! no more passions! no more dangers! tranquility! transports of joy for ever and ever. Amen.

48

Jan. Rev'd. Mr. De Bosey.

2 Sund. We had much rain yesterday, last night we had a snow storm - the snow about 2 inches thick - very cold.

3 Mond. - Clear - cold. Consider your own faults.

During my residence at St. Inigo's in St. Mary's County, the Rev'd Sylvester Boarman was removed to Charles County, and the Rev'd. Charles Wouters from Flanders, took his place. He was a holy man, but as he could not pronounce English well, the people there who are always prejudiced against foreigners complained to Archbishop Carroll begging him to have him removed, & another sent to succeed him. He was recalled, but no one was sent to take his place. We were therefore deprived of a Pastor for nearly or quite 2 years. In the mean time we were obliged to go to St. Nicholas' Church on the Patuxent river, a distance of 14 miles. After a few months, the Rev'd. Mr. De Bosey, a French Gentleman & Pastor of St. Nicholas', agreed to give us church once a month at St. Inigo's Church until we could be furnished with a Pas-

49

Jan. Rev'd. Mr. De Bosey.

tor. He was a Franciscan Friar &, I believe, a very worthy man. He was a small man, about 81 years old, & yet was cheerful and agreeable. He died in 1812 when I was in N. York. He was zealous, and kept his congregation in good order. He more than once related to me the following singular Occurences.

"I had, said he, a few years ago, a very pious child in my congregation, whom I had instructed for the H. Communion, but he was not old enough to approach the Sacred table. He had often been at Confession, & I always admired his singular piety - his family name was Jarbo - he fell sick, & I was called to visit him. He made his confession, and expressed a great desire to receive the H. Eucharist. He was too young, but his good sense, extraordinary piety, and ardent desire induced me to grant his request. When I was in the act of extending my arm to convey the sacred treasure to his mouth,

50

Jan. Rev'd. Mr De Bosey.

& when my hand was yet about two feet from his mouth, the consecrated Host suddenly escaped from my hand, and rested on his tongue! I was struck, and stood amazed! On recovering, I concluded it was a particular favor granted to the child by Alm. God on account of his singular piety and Innocence. He died a few days after."

He often spoke of a Mr. Sewall as an extraordinary man. I think his christian name was Charles. He lived with Nicholas Sewall at Cedar Point, and was a near relation of his, perhaps his Brother. Rev'd Mr. De Bosey observed that "though Mr. C. Sewall was both deaf & dumb, yet he was well instructed in his christian duty, & was very pious & devout. I learned < said he> to converse with him by signs so well, that I had little difficulty in understanding his confession. He was accustomed to receive the H. Eucharist at certain regular, stated times. He came to me one day, and

51

Jan. Rev'd. Mr. De Bosey.

informed me by signs, that he wished to receive the B. Sacrament. As it was out of his accustomed time, I thought it a little strange, and asked him his reason for it. He raised his eyes to heaven, and joining his hands sighed! And pointing to the rising s of the sun, he waved his hand across the heavens in the Sun's course, & pointed to the west - returning to the East, he repeated the same action 8 times, and then held up 8 fingers. After this, he bowed towards the Earth, marked off the length of a man upon the ground, and beating his breast with his hands, he immediately pointed to the spot marked off, made signs for openening the earth, for placing his body therein, of closing up the Earth again, and of raising a mound upon it. He then pointed to the rising of the Sun, repeated his former actions, held up 8 fingers, joined his hands, & raiseding eyes to Heaven, put on a sorrowful

52

Jan. The Magi. A little Sermon

4 Tuesd. Clear. Cold - Pray for your enemies.

5 Wed. Cold. Be resigned to the will of God.

6 Thurs. Epiphany

-

Prostrate the sages fall, admire, adore,
For sin ask pardon & for grace implore;
They offer gold, and myrrh and frankincense
Of faith, of hope, of love, of consequence!
The Infant God sent down from Heaven above
Accepts their faith, their hope, their ardent love;
He smiles on them, & on the royal train,
They lowly bow & trace their steps again.

7 Frid. Cold. Prevent sin when you can.

8 Sat. Cold. Hold fast sound principles.

9 Sund. Warm and thawing. Be vigilant.

10 Mond. Cold. Lord, give me an easy agony.

11 Tuesd. Cold. Lord, give me grace to die well.

Preached to my Grammar Class

Well, my little friends, you are about to begin the Latin and French languages. Your success will depend on your application - your fidelity. I wish you to fix this truth in your own minds; that no one can learn in art or science well & with ease, unselfishe love it. We do not commonly approach those

53

Jan. A little sermon to my gr. Class

things which we do not love- on the contrary, we shun & fly from all those objects that we hate. It is only when we love a thing, that we wish to be near it. When we hear a pretty song, we wish to have it repeated several times, because the theme pleases the mind & the tune gives a bias to the fancy. When we hear a song that pleases us, we love it, & we can learn it with ease, & in a very short time. Have you not heard little narratives, which are more commonly desseminated stories, and which you have been able to relate the next hour after you heard them, and nearly in the same words in which you heard them? But why did you remember them so well? Because you loved them, & took a deep interest in them. It is the same with study. If you love your school duties, you will infallibly succeed according to your wishes: but if you be not attached to them, you will never succeed, or you will succeed very badly. If you succeed well & happily, you will shed luster on your own name, & become an ornament & a support to society; but if you suc-

54

Jan. A little sermon to my gr. Class

ceed badly, you will know nothing well & radically, & will always meet with great difficulties in the various walks of life- you will never be more than the quarter or the half-learned man, who always thinks he knows [I] every thing & more besides; is every ready to deem his neighbour a Jackass, a goose or a fool, thinks he has learned every thing & has left nothing for any one else to learn. Such a one is al- ways looked upon ^ by learned & respectable men as a proud & babbling fool- the vulgar see thro' him at a glance, and say,

He only speaks to show his knowledge
And tell us all he lived at College.

Then, my little friends, it is highly necessary for you to obtain a radical education- But how? I have told you- you must love it. But in order to esteem it, you ought to know its advantages, for no one loves that which he does not know. I will, therefore, endeavour to show you some of the advantages resulting from a

55

Jan. A little Sermon to my gr. Class

radical education- To show you all its advantages would be a difficult task, because there are many advan- tages locked up in the circle of life which cannot be explained by the eloquence of man.

The advantages of a complete ^ good edu- cation are not visionary: they are real, solid and permanent. The first great advantage that strikes the mind, is, its making you a welcome guest in all polite companies. Here you are placed on a level with fellow beings who move in a Superior Sphere- You are welcome, because you are an equal- You are taken by the hand, because you are worthy- Your company is agreeable, because your manners are polished- Your principles are wise, because founded on reason- Your morality is edifying, because it has grown out of reflections made on the Christian law; and your conversation is pleasing, because it conveys instruction. What a happiness to have the door of genteel society always associations always open to receive you! You are never confused, never embarrassed; because, without being

56

Jan. A little Sermon presented to my Class

proud, you are always conscious of your own worth. But you not not only give, you receive instruction: for there is no man so learned that has not some- thing to learn; and the Society of polite and learned men, is commonly the best school in the world. Now take a person that has been ranked in the scale of providence with the lower classes of men, without the opportunities of a ^ polite & christian education- What is his fate during life? Shut out from the society of polite & learned men, he must mix with the lower ranks of Society, travel in the inferior circles of life, grope in the dark shades of ignorance, partake of the ill fame of the ignorant and perverse, & be exposed to all the dangers of vice and immorality.

The second great advantage of a solid education, is the being able to avoid deception in your commerce with men. If you be ignorant, you will always be in danger of being deceived. Without learning,

57

Jan. A little Sermon to my gr. Class

you are never your own judge: you must depend on the judgment of others. If you be fortunate enough always to meet with honest men, you may avoid being deceived; but whoever has any experience in life, knows that this is impossible. Honest men are very scarce. A man that is honest in every sense of the word, is rarely found. One of the Ancient Philosophers took a lantern in the noon time of day, & searched for an honest man in the publick markets, but he searched in vain. Perhaps in our days, it would require all the light of this enlightened age to find a man that is perfectly honest! You are Americans, and your great principle is to be independent. Tho' I would not and could not advise you to live up to this principle in all its ramifications, yet I do advise you always to keep it in view in matters relating to education, which must be your great friend & support in your future career.

The third advantage resulting

58

Jan. A little Sermon to my gr. Class

from a radical education is what is commonly termed, the making of a fortune. Every one knows the meaning of this expression. It is to make a good and comfortable provision for the present life. This is a point of vital importance & requires a fund of knowledge. In that vault there is a great treasure of gold and precious stones. The path that leads to it is difficult & intricate- There are many folding doors, & the locks call for different keys. The ignorant man comes and makes an attempt, but he loses his way in the very commencement- Then comes the half- learned man. He succeeds, tho' with much difficulty. He finds a great heap of gold dust in the vault, which he takes for an ant hillock. In turning round, he sees on the other side a great number of unpolished stones which ^however he supposes can never be of any other use, than to throw at birds. Cha-

59

Jan. A little Sermon to my Class

grined at his disappointment, he comes out in haste, leaving the doors as he found them, & condemns his folly in looking for treasures where they were not to be found. But now comes a man who has received a complete ^solid education. In the course of his studies, he has found a key for every door- he passes with ease, views the heap of dust, the pile of ^precious stones, and on a slight examination, he finds them to be of an immense value- His fortune is made. Such is the ig norant, such the half-learned, and such the radically learned man. The riches of this world are locked up from man by original sin. He cannot come at them but by toiling in the sweat of his brow. His mind has been clouded by sin; he must study in order to acquire knowledge. We read of but one man in the great human family, whose mind was cleared, & who understood the hidden secrets of nature. This was Solomon,

60

Jan. A little sermon to my Class.

who on account of his Father David & his own innocence & piety in his youth, deserved to received from God an extraordinary share of wisdom- the gift of seeing thro' all nature! But we have no pretentions to such favours: we must labour & go into a habit of steady application- we ^must forsake our childish toys & have but one grand object in view- a complete education. You would probably ask: Was it Soloman's great wisdom that made him rich? It certainly was. But did not his Father David leave the kingdom in peace & flowing in plenty? Yes; but Soloman's wisdom preserved that peace, increased that ^wealth & drew upon him ^ self & his subjects the esteem & admiration of all nations! How many young men have we known who inherited their Fathers' great wealth, but who, have neither prudence nor lear ^ning, lost it in a few months by their extravagant folly.

61

Jan. A little sermon to my Class

it is to little purpose for a young man to inherit his Father's wealth, if he know not how to preserve it. It was therefore Soloman's learning that rendered him rich & happy- A great encouragement for you, my little friends, to love application and study.

Lastly: a radical education is a permanent support to morality, & it is one of the best means ^ given by Providence for the gaining of an everlasting crown in Heaven. The wor^l d is wide, & contains many millions of men. Among so many people your virtue will always be in danger. "The Devil, like a roaring lion, goes about, seeking whom he may devour." He is ever active in stirring up the minds of the wicked & urging them to corrupt & ruin the good. Jesus Christ the Saviour of the world came down from Heaven to teach us the way to eternal life: He established his Church in wisdom and truth, endowed her with the high prerogative of infallibility,

62

Jan. A little Sermon to my Class.

and promised her his everlasting protection. But, tho, the goodness of God is so superlatively great, & shines forth with such peculiar lustre in this divine Institution; yet these are men ungrateful enough to slight these favours and even to call in question the veracity of God's holy word- Nay, this the world is crowded with wretches, who having lost their own Innocence & virtue are wicked & perverse enough to seek the reprobation and ruin of others. Thus we see that many Heresiarchs have risen up in the church, who, with men that Sat (?) Luciferian pride have impugned the known truth, broached new doctrines, filled all christendom with Scandal & led thousands away into the paths of error and vice. The world, I say, is full of them- you cannot avoid them- you must face them, & if you will---- should shall have laid up a fund of virtue and learning, with the aid of

63

Jan. A little Sermon to my Class

divine grace, you will have no reason to fear them. Besides these there are others who are styled modern philosophers, tho' they are would be more properly denominated false reasoners. They deny truths which are self-evident, and most wickedly reject the light of revelation: They wollow in the mire of earthly pleasures, and drink iniquity like water: they make war against virtue because they themselves are not virtuous: they wish to make others wicked, that they may have a cloke for their own devpravity- In fine, their object is to sap the foundations of religion & morality, and to reduce mankind to a level with the brute. Such are the people whom you must meet in the round of Life, and such are the doctrines against which you must be guarded. You must hear them; you must answer them. But the half-learned man cannot do it: he is always

64

Jan. A little Sermon to my Class

bewildered, always entangled in doubts and difficulties. Thus puzzled, tossed about on the sea of uncertainty, he will in all probability give up his faith and turn Infidel. This is a dreadful evil, my friends, and we may say with truth that it is the most dreadful misfortune that can befal us ^on> this side of eternity. It is your duty to guard against it- But how? By establishing and fixing in your minds firm principles of virtue & rectitude- this must be done by solid learning. It cannot be expected that you can learn every thing- this is impossible- But you can learn those things which are essential and important. If you learn a branch well & radically, you will be able to express your ideas clearly and with ease; but if you only learn it superficially, your minds will be clouded on all subjects that fall un-

65

Jan. A little Sermon to my Class

der that branch, and you will never render much service either to yourselves or your fellow Beings.

Thus, my little friends, I have shown you some of the advantages which flow from a radical education, and I trust that your minds are fully convinced of the importance of a solid education- take courage- love application, and be not persuaded that your youthful days ought to be spent in vain and idle amusements. Be devout to God & his Saints-Love your parents and endeavour to answer their expectations in your regard. Behave respectfully towards all your Superiors and obey them punctually, because you know that such is the will of Heaven- Have charity for all your companions, refer all your studies to God, and he will crown you with Success-Amen.

66

Jan. New President- LaFayette

12 Wed. Cold. Death steals on.

13 Thurs. Moderate. The body will soon decay.

14 Frid. Much rain, & warm.

15 Sat. Warm & pleasant like a spring day.

16 Sund. warm- God is always present.

17 Mon. Pleas. O Lord, forgive me my sins.

18 Tues. Pleas. Lord, give me perseverence.

19 Wed. Pleas. Examine your heart. To day Revd

Fr. Superior (Dzierozinski) appointed Rev.d

B. Fenwick President of Geo. T. College.

20 Thurs. Pleas. Lord, convert the wicked

<attached text follows>

LAFAYETTE'S WELCOME TO MARYLAND

Sung, at the Dinner given to the Nation's Guest by the Legislature of Maryland, by W. P. FARQUHAR , Esq. a Delegate from Frederick County.

TUNE- "Scots wha hae," &c.

1.

Welcome, welcome, Lafayette,
Thee we never shall forget;
Friend of Man, we love thee yet,
Friend of Liberty
Thou was't once our friend indeed,
Wast our friend in time of need-
Thou for us didst freely bleed,
Son of Liberty.

2.

And we love to see thee here,
Thou are now as ever dear,
Thee we ever shall revere,
Friend of Liberty.
Yes- we take thee by the hand,
Welcome thee to MARYLAND,
By thee SHE will ever stand,
Firm and true to thee.

3.

Thou hast been the HONEST man,
Acting on a worthy plan.
Since old Time its course began,
Who has done like thee?
And the toils of war now o'er,
Welcome to COLUMBIA's shore;
Yes- we love thee more and more,
Friend of Liberty.

4.

Freedom's cause is cause divine,
Freedom's cause was ever thine.
On the World soon may it shine,
The son of Liberty.
Welcome, Welcome, LAFAYETTE,
Thou art good, and thou art great:

Welcome, Welcome to our state,
Happy may'st thou be!
Sons and daughters long shall tell,
None did ever thee excel,
Mothers, Fathers, lov'd thee well,
Friend of Liberty.

Annapolis, Dec. 24, 1824.
<end of attachment>

67

Jan. La Fayette's welcome &c.
Lafayette's welcome reversed according to truth.

1.

Come for money Lafayette?
Thee we willingly forget
Since no friend to virtue yet,
Friend of Masonry.
Schemes of mischief in thy head,
And proud France by fury led;
Numbered Lewis with the dead,
Foe to Monarchy.

2.

And I'm sick to see thee here,
Friend of fools & of Voltaire;
Thee we never will revere,
Friend of Sophistry.
Yes-we spurn thy wicked hand
Leading on Banditti's band
'Gainst high Heaven's great command,
Foe to Peter's Lee.

3.
Thou hast been the wicked man,
Acting on the Devil's plan;
Since old time its source began,
Thou didst foolishy.

68

Jan. Lafayette's welcome reversed &c.

And the toils of war now o'er,
Welcome not to this our Shore;
Nay- we spurn thee more & more,
Foe to piety.
4

Masonry was ever thine
And with Hell thou didst combine,
The name of Christian to enshrine,
Son of Masonry.
Come for money Lafayette?
Thou art bad, thou ne'er wast great,
Come for money to our State?
Penance is for thee.

5
Devils all & fiends in Hell
Love to see old Voltaire well
And to see his friends excel
Love not Sophistry.
Leave thy wicked Mason's life,
'Tis more wicked than Job's wife
Take thou Heaven by Holy strife,
Come to piety.
69

Jan. & Feb. Miracle in Geo.Town!

21 Frid. Pleas. Do justice to your Class.

22 Sat. Cold. Be particular & exact.

23 Sun. Very Cold- snow fell last night 3 in.

24 Mond. Moderate- Examine your heart.

25 Tues. Wed. Thurs. pleas- Have charity-

28 Frid. Pleas.

29 Sat. Pleas.

30 Sund. Pleas.

31 Mond. Pleas.

Feb.

1 Tues. Pleas.

2 Wed. rain

3 Thurs. cold

4 Frid. cold

5 Sat. cold.

6 Sund. pleas.

7 Mond. Pleas.

8 Tues. rain.

9 Wed. Snow.

10 Thurs. Pleas

11 Frid. Warm, rain

12 Sat. warm

13 Sund. Pleas.

14 Mond Snow

15 Tuesd. rain

16 Ash Wed. Pleas.

17 Thurs. Thunder gust with rain.

18 Frid. Warm and pleasant

< the following account was written boxed alongside the log in the original text >

Landetur J. C. in æternum.

"Sister Beatrix Myers a nun of the Visitation in Geo. Town D.C. was cured on the 10th of Feb. 1825 by the intercesson of Prince Hohenlohe- Was taken about 2 years ago with violent headaches & debility. Afterwards her disease assumed different appearances. Last September she seemed ready to expire- The Sund-day [sic] before her cure the Doctor found her extremely ill From the commencement

70

Feb. miracle in Geo.Town!

of the Novena (which was begun on the 1st of Feb. by the direction of Price Hohenlohe)

her illness increased to such a degree, that she thought she could not recover, and was perfectly resigned to die- felt an extra-ordinary revolution within herself a moment before the preparatory prayer for Communion- The moment she received the B.S. She felt conscious that she was cured, but would not speak thro. respect." Thus God continues to work wonders to show to an unbelieving world that the flesh & blood of his divine Son are present in the adorable Sacrament of the Altar. B. Doctor

<the following log was written in the left margin alongside the above text>

19 Sat. Pleas.

20 Sund. Pleas.

21 Mond. Snow.

22 Tuesd. Rain

23 Wed. Pleas.

24 Thurs. Pleas.

25 Frid. Pleas.

26 Sat Pleas.

27 Sund. Snow

28 Mond. Pleas.

MARCH

1 Tuesd. Pleas.

2 Wed. Pleas.

3 Thurs. Pleas.

4 Frid rain

5 Sat. rain

6 Sund. Pleas.

7 Mon. cool

8 Tuesd. rain

9 Wed. Pleas.

10 Thurs. Pleas.

11 Frid rain

12 Sat. Pleas.

13 Sun. Pleas.

71

The wizard's Clip

Bohrer, her Physician observed that her illness had assumed the character of hectic fever- The same day after of <after> her cure, her Physician observed "I discover now no mark of disease whatever, unless a pulse more frequent than should occur in health may be considered so. To this attestation the Physician signed

Benin L. Bohrer M.D.

Adam Livingston's Conversion- Middle way- Since called Clip- Jefferson County- Virginia

He was born in Pennsylvania of Dutch descent and a Lutheran by profession. He removed from Pennsylvania in or about the year 1770 having in family 3 sons & 4 daughters. A short time after his settling in Virginia, he was much disturbed by an unknown

72

The wizard's Clip

person that haunted his house. His property was destroyed, his barn was burnt, his cattle all died, his clothes were cut all to pieces, his beds burnt or cut: chumps of fire were thrust into the beds- The plates and all the crockery ware were thrown upon the floor: & what was astonishing, every thing that was cut was cut in such a manner, that they could not get even a small patch that could be of any service, (the things being cut in form of a half moon) boots, saddles etc. were cut in pieces. Three men went from Winchester in order to free the house from what troubled it, if it were the Devil himself; but as soon as they entered the house, a large stone was seen to proceed from the fire place, & whirl round upon the floor upwards of 15 minutes without any stone being missed;

73

The wizard's Clip

upon which the Gentlemen instantly went away. Livingston applied to 3 conjurers who gave some herbs & a book, & a riddle to catch the Devil; but the first night the book and herbs were put into the chamber pot and covered with the riddle. The book was a Church of England prayer book. After some time he had a dream, in which he thought he climed a high hill but with much difficulty, at the top of which was a beautiful Church, & in it a Catholic Priest dressed in Sacerdotal robes, & some one told him, "This is the man who will relieve you." After this (his troubles still continuing) his wife persuaded him to send for a Catholic Priest which he did, but the Priest appeared unwilling to go: However after much persuasion he went, blessed some water, & sprinkled

74

The wizard's Clip

it about the house; after which the noise and trouble ceased. Some time after, being at Shepherd's Town at a Catholic Church & seeing the Priest he burst into tears and said; "This is the man whom I saw in my dream, & who was to relieve me." He was then converted to the Catholic faith, & after he had heard Mass 203 times, he saw a light & heard a voice frequently, which instructed him in the sacraments of penance and holy Eucharist. This voice ordered him and his family to keep a forty days fast & three hours prayer every day, & 3 of those days they were not to eat or drink anything, which was rigorously obeyed by all. The voice also commanded them to keep the 4th of march annually as a holy day of obligation in thanksgiving

75

The wizard's Clip

for their conversion, which was always observed. The voice frequently said the beads with them, & when it came to the latter part of the Hail Mary, it said (on account of the wife as is supposed, who was a little stubborn as she was a presbyterian) Holy, Holy, Holy Mary, mother of God &c. And would explain what a blessing it is to have the B. Mother of God for our Advocate. The voice likewise instructed them in every part of the Catholic Religion, & thoroughly too as appeared by their conversation. It is certain that no human person instructed them, nor had they any books in the house- besides, their knowledge of the English tongue was very limited. The voice told them that all the sighs and tears of the whole world put together were not worth so much as one Mass, in which a pure God

76

The wizard's Clip

is offered up to God. Fourteen persons were converted in one winter on this occasion, & several children were baptized, who in all probability never would have been had not this taken place: Amongst the rest of a certain Mrs McGinny <Minghini> - it was thus. After being sick some time, she sent for a Presbyterian Minister but received no comfort from him; on the contrary she remained more confused than ever; after which she was visited by Mrs McSherry, who desired her to pray & repeated together with her and act of contrition, which made some impression upon her. The night that was Mrs McSherry returned home, she began to think whether she ought or could assist her by her prayers- She composed herself to sleep; & in her sleep she thought she saw an infant strike a rock about the size of a house

77

The wizard's Clip

& grind it into dust. The next day Livingston (being admonished the preceeding night by the voice) without knowing anything of the dream sent his daughter to Mrs. McSherry with the interpretation of the dream & told her that the Infant represented the Priest, and the rock the sins of the woman, which would be forgiven her. The voice likewise admonished him to advise Mrs. McSherry to go to Mr. McGinny <Minghini> & persuade him to send for a Priest: that he would have many objections, but that she should still press him to send for a priest: at length he would have no person to send: then she was to tell him, that the son of livingston would go _ all which took place was foretold. The priest was sent for, came, and administered the Sacraments to the woman. Mrs. McSherry had interior troubles, and never communicated them to

78

The wizard's Clip

any one. The voice spoke to Livingston & told him to tell her she must suffer it with patience, for Almighty God had placed her where she was. The voice frequently engaged them to pray for the suffering souls, who when delivered would intercede for them at the throne of God, & amongst the rest, to say 5 Paters and Aves and the Creed for Mrs McGinny <Minghini> who was in purgatory, which the voice repeated together with them. One of the daughters being converted, made her confession and left out some sin thro' shame- the voice then told the whole family that she had left out some sin, & told her what it was and advised her to confess it. The voice frequently advised them to pray for perseverance, & told them that there was but one Church out of which there is no salvation. Livingston, before his his conversion bore his losses very

79

The wizard's Clip

impatiently, but after his conversion he never complained. The voice came frequently in the night & made them pray for 3 hours at a time, & never would permit them to rise until it had said Deo Gratias. It came once and besought them to pray for the poor souls, and in order to show them how much they suffered, it laid its hand upon a waistcoat and towel, and the palm of its hand burnt quite through, as did the fingers which could be seen by the stripes of cloth which were left between them. The voice recommended to them hospitality, caution them against the vanities of the world, & never to follow worldly fashions. An Angel came in human shape, and staid with them three days and nights, & instructed them in all points of Religion. They asked whence he came? He said: "from my father." Whither do you go

80

The Wizard's Clip

"To my father;" and I come to teach you the way to my father." He had a long beard and they asked him to shave_ he replied, "yes; it is not displeasing to Alm. God to be cleanly"_ He was likewise barefooted &being asked if he was not cold he answered: "There is neither heat nor cold in my country." But he received a pair of shoes that were given him. The voice told them to persevere & Tho' they could not see the person that spoke to them, still they should obey the visible voice which was the Priest. Mrs McSherry had a brother at Geo. Town College whom his parents sent thither in expectation that he would become a Priest. The voice told Livingston that Mrs McSherry's brother (whom he has never seen) instead of becoming a Priest would become a blasphemer, but that Mrs McSherry and

81

The Wizard's Clip

his other sisters and brothers should beg him to reflect &believe. That he, the brother doubted the real presence & the voice said that Mrs McSherry & her sisters should fall upon their knees & tell him that Alm. God was as able to give us himself as he is to give us a cup of cold water. The voice also spoke to a Mr Gor/(e)man 3 times in one week. It told Livingston that every prayer he said for the suffering souls was as a fresh plaster upon a bad wound. During the time that the voice remained at Livingston's, a woman, the wife of a Catholic took sick at Winchester and sent for a Priest (the Priest before this had frequently spoken to her but she remained obstinate.) The messenger came to Mrs McSherry's where the Priest was_ They immediately went to get the Priest's horse, but could not find him, Tho' he

82

The Wizard's Clip

was in an enclosure containing about an Acre. After sometime they prepared another for him, and immediately they saw the Priest's horse in the small enclosure. He went but the woman was dead before he arrived. About thirty persons were present when they sought for the horse. The voice afterwards said that Alm. God permitted this as a warning to the living, not to depend upon a death- bed repentance. The voice said that the brother of Mrs McSherry would never succeed well, which is verified as he died in great poverty. Every thing that the voice predicted happened accordingly. It foretold that the wife of Goreman died in Ireland, but an account of the troubles she suffered in this world went directly to heaven. A Mr Failin a Priest said he wrote to Ireland concerning this fact, & said that she was not dead - but the voice before

83

The Wizard's Clip

he received his letter admonished Livingston not to stagger in his faith - that the letter was forged. The voice came to Livingston in the night and made him pray 3 hours for Father Pellentz whom he had promised to pray for whilst at his confession - but after the death of Father Pellentz Livingston neglected to pray for him. The voice said that he was in great misery. The voice spoke to Mrs McSherry, which happened thus. One day when all the family was at church, she remained at home with the child that was sick - after the family had been gone for some time, she went upstairs to her private devotions, & whilst she was praying, she saw a beautiful person standing before her in a high cloud with one hand up & the other down, & a nail running through each hand, who said to her, whatso-

84

The Wizard's Clip

ever you do for one of my little ones you do it for me. Some time after, the Priest went to her house but she said nothing to him of what she had seen. He then went to Livingston's, and they told him what Mrs McSherry had seen, tho' she had never told anyone.

Livingston saw sometime an arm but never could catch it, tho' he tried. Whenever it came, it always said, "in the name of the Father, & of the son, and of the holy Ghost," and made them make the sign of the cross. They frequently prayed three hours, which did not appear more than a few moments. When it said, "in the name of the Father, & of the son, & of the holy Ghost, it would say "3 great names, none greater on earth, none greater in Heaven." The voice told him that it was once in the flesh as he was

85

The Wizard's Clip

and if he persevered he would know who it was before his death. It sang 3 times & very beautifully in Latin & English. It said the souls in purgatory were much rejoiced on the day of all souls, on which it said, the whole world was praying for them. It was on this day that he heard the voice singing twice, & the third time was the fourth of March, the end of the forty days fast. _ The wife of Livingston was never sincerely converted _ She used to say, she was the Judas. She endeavored to falsify everything the voice said, tho' she heard it more frequently than the rest _ It told her that she should die in her own house & in order to falsify it and she took sick she at first would not go home (for she had been so much reprimanded by the voice that she left her house sometime before she took sick) but at last was forced to beg to be taken home, & thus fulfilled

86

The Wizard's Clip

the prediction by dying in her own house. While Mrs Livingston was from her own house, she lived at the house of a quaker who had a daughter that was sick, & during her sickness she told Mrs Livingston that she wanted some spiritual assistance but did not know what it was. Mrs Livingston knew very well what it, for the voice had told her it was baptism_ The voice then told Mrs Livingston, that this would appear against her at the day of judgment.

Two shirts (on different days) whilst all the family was out of the house were spread upon the bed, & upon the breast IHS marked in a deep red colour. The voice continued to speak about 17 years. Mr McSherry having had some little dif-

87

The Wizard's Clip

ference with the Priest, did not go to communion for three years, at the latter end of which he took sick, & was at the point of death. The voice then told Livingston to tell Mr McSherry to touch Christ thro' the Church & he should be restored to his family which happened accordingly; for having received holy Communion the next day he was able to walk about, & in a few days perfectly recovered. When Mrs. McGinny Minghini was sick, the voice said that the messenger would meet both the Priests, Mr. Cahil & Mr. Smith, but that Mr. Smith was the one intended for the woman, as being of a milder nature.

A<u>thorities

Doctor Carroll very much suprised at the knowledge of the man I thought he received his instructions from above. Revd. Mr. Smith also of the same opinion. Revd. Mr.

88

The Wizard's Clip

Brosius likewise thought that it was something curious & deserved notice. Revd. Mr. Pelentz and the Revd. Mr. Cahil since returned to Ireland.

P.S. Livingston as a mark of gratitude to Alm. God for his conversion gave a lot of ground for the benefit of the Church. One son and one daughter of Livingston died in the reputation of sanctity.

The above narrative was made out about the year 1818 by the Revd. Mr. Malady (then a scholastic) at the request of Revd. Anthony Kohlman. They both went up to the sulphur springs (I think in Aug.) & visited Mrs. McSherry who related it to them as above. When I was a boy of 10 or 12 years of age, I remember to have heard

89

The Wizard's Clip

much talk of the Wizard's Clip, a name given to the place by the vulgar. A Mr. Francis Mcatee a very worthy and intelligent Catholic told me that he never had given credit to the wonderful tales of spirits haunting people but that the affair of the Wizard's Clip, was then of such notoriety, I was related by so many and such respectable men both Catholics & Protestants, that he could not refuse to believe it. I then lived about 30 miles from the place. He spoke in the highest terms of the great zeal & indefatigable labour, of the Revd. Mr. Cahil an Irish Priest who was then on the mission, and who had visited Livingston & and freed him from his misfortunes. It is said that Livingston went down to Baltimore to see Bp. Carrol, who

90

The Wizard's Clip

after a strict examination, observed that he thought the man had received his knowledge from above.

When I was at Conawago in 1813, I saw some clothes that had been deposited there by Mr. Livingston for one of his sons. They were cut in several places. I think I saw I H S on one of the pieces. The Revd. Mr. DeBarth told me that there had been a shirt or towel there, which had the print of a man's hand burnt on it but that it was then lost or misplaced. I asked him if it ap- peared to be burnt. He said it appeared to him, as if someone had rubbed his hand on the bottom of an iron pot & then pressed his open hand up- on the cloth, leaving the entire appearance of a man's hand.

91

The Wizard's Clip

When I went to New York in 1812, I was directed to call on Fr. Grassie (in my way thither) who was then at the Sulphur Springs in Virginia in the neighborhood of Smithsfield or the Wizard's Clip. Mr. McGinny who then kept the S. Springs accidentally mentioned Livingston to us in the course of conversation & observed that Livingston's history was a very strange & curious one, & that tho' he never before had given credit to any thing of the sort, yet he knew not how to disbelieve the Clip history. He further observed, that Livingston went to him one day in the depth of his distress & begged him to apply to a Priest for his relief_Mr. McGinny laughed at him, & told him it was some

92

The Wizard's Clip

malicious person that disturbed the peace of his family & c. At this Livingston burst into tears. He afterwards applied to Mrs. McSherry to speak to the Priest for him, as she did_Mr. McGinny said that he went to Livingston's house and saw the cloth which was cut, & that it was a curious circumstance, was that the cloth what- ever he saw cut as exactly with the thread, as if the tailor had done it. He appeared to be perfectly convinced of the truth of this strange history. He said he picked up several pieces from the floor where it had fallen. The cutting was not going on when he arrived at the house_it had ceased sometime before his arrival.

93

The Wizard's Clip

The question naturally rises: Why did not Bp.Carrol institute an inquiry into this matter? The answer is not difficult. Br. Carrol at that time was the only Bp. in all the U. States of America_he consequently must have been seriously engaged in weighty affairs of the Church. He had but few Clergymen to assist him, and some of them, I believe, began about that time to give him trouble. He was by no means wealthy, for, it is said, that some years before he died his means were so scanty, that the postage of his letters took all the money he could advance. The minds of Protestants were then soured against Catholics, & he seemed to have it in view to soften down the asperity of

94

The Wizard's Clip

religious acrimony, and to deny all in the bands of charity. He was therefore zealous to avoid every thing that might serve to call up old recollections, or which might afford a handle to Protestants. His conduct then, is not to be wondered at.

March

14 Mond. Pleas. O Jesus give me compunction of heart.

15 Tues. Pleas. O Jesus draw all hearts to thee.

16 Wed. rained much. warm.

17 Thurs. Thunder_rain_warm.

18 Frid. Clear_cool_moderate northwest wind. The past winter has been the most regular that I have ever seen_few sudden changes & but very few northwest winds.